A DC motor is an electrical machine which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. The basic working principle of the DC motor is that whenever a current carrying conductor places in the magnetic field, it experiences a mechanical force.
What is the principle of DC motor?
DC motors operate on Faraday’s principle of electromagnetism which states that a current-carrying conductor experiences a force when placed in a magnetic field.
What is DC motor explain its working?
A DC motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. In a DC motor, the input electrical energy is the direct current which is transformed into the mechanical rotation.
What is the working principle of DC motor Class 10?
D.C. motor can be defined as a machine which converts electrical energy to mechanical energy of rotation based on the principle of magnetic effect of current. The DC motor works according to Fleming’s right hand rule.
What is DC motor explain its principle and working with the help of diagram?
The DC motor working principle is that a current-carrying conductor experiences a mechanical force when placed in a magnetic field. This is known as the Lorentz force. And the direction of this force is given by FLEMING’S LEFT-HAND RULE. DC motor working principle is similar to the working principle of a DC generator.
What is use of dc motor?
Applications. DC motors are suitable for many applications – including conveyors, turntables and others for which adjustable speed and constant or low-speed torque are required. They also work well in dynamic braking and reversing applications, which are common in many industrial machines.
What are the advantages of DC motor?
Below are some advantages of DC motors that you should consider:
- Good speed control. DC motors offer highly controllable speed. …
- High torque. …
- Seamless operation. …
- Free from harmonics.
What is an example of a DC motor?
Direct-current motors are extensively used in variable-speed drives and position-control systems where good dynamic response and steady-state performance are required. Examples are in robotic drives, printers, machine tools, process rolling mills, paper and textile industries, and many others.
What is the basic principle of DC generator?
A DC generator operates on the principle of Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction. According to Faraday’s law, whenever a conductor is placed in a fluctuating magnetic field (or when a conductor is moved in a magnetic field) an EMF is induced in the conductor.
How a DC motor works step by step?
A simple DC motor uses a stationary set of magnets in the stator, and a coil of wire with a current running through it to generate an electromagnetic field aligned with the centre of the coil. One or more windings of insulated wire are wrapped around the core of the motor to concentrate the magnetic field.
What is the working of motor?
Electric motor: A motor is a device which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Principle of motor : A motor works on the principle that when a rectangular coil is placed in a magnetic field and current is passed through it. A force acts on the coil which rotates it continuously.
Is electric motor and DC motor same?
Electric motors are machines that convert electrical energy—from either stored power or a direct electrical connection—into mechanical energy through the production of rotational force. … DC motors, which are powered by direct current.
What is torque equation of DC motor?
Torque or moment or moment of force is the tendency of a force to rotate or move an object about an axis. A force is a push or pull, likewise, torque is a twist to an object. Mathematically, torque, T = F × r.
What are the parts of DC motor?
DC motors include two key components: a stator and an armature. The stator is the stationary part of a motor, while the armature rotates. In a DC motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the armature to rotate.
What is DC motor with diagram?
Difference Between Dynamo and DC Motor – definition
|Sr No.||Dynamo||DC Motor|
|2.||Here normally permanent magnet is used or electromagnets made up of windings||Made of miniature size of permanent magnet|
|3.||It can operate through Self Excitation or Separate Excitation||It is usually excited by permanent magnet present.|