An electric motor utilises the magnetic effect of current. It works on the principle that when a rectangular coil is placed in a magnetic field and current is passed through it, a force acts on the coil which rotates it continuously.
What is the motor principle?
The principle of the electric motor is that it converts electrical energy into kinetic energy (mechanical energy) through the interaction of the two magnetic fields.
What principles of operation involve in a motors?
Electric motors operate on three different physical principles: magnetism, electrostatics and piezoelectricity. In magnetic motors, magnetic fields are formed in both the rotor and the stator. The product between these two fields gives rise to a force, and thus a torque on the motor shaft.
What is electric motor state its principle?
Electric motor: An electric motor is a device which converts the electrical energy into the mechanical energy. Principle: An electric motor (dc motor) works on the principle that when an electric current is passed through a conductor placed normally in a magnetic field.
What is the principle of motor and generator?
The motor uses electricity. It works on the principle that when a current-carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field, it experiences a force and rotates. The word ‘generator’ means to generate something, and an electrical generator produces (generates) electricity.
What are the types of motors?
Types of Electric Motors
- AC Brushless Motors. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control. …
- DC Brushed Motors. In a DC brushed motor, brush orientation on the stator determines current flow. …
- DC Brushless Motors. …
- Direct Drive. …
- Linear Motors. …
- Servo Motors. …
- Stepper Motors.
What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?
These six components include:
- 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
- 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
- 4) The Windings. …
- 5) The Air Gap. …
- 6) The Commutator. …
- What Do All of These Components Have in Common?
What is difference between induction motor and synchronous motor?
The induction motor has self-starting torque whereas the synchronous motor is not self starting. It has to be run up to synchronous speed by any means before it can be synchronized to AC supply. A synchronous motor can be operated with lagging and leading power by changing its excitation.
Why starter is used in induction motor?
A starter is needed for a three phase induction motor because at the time of starting, if induction motor is started directly, it will draw a huge amount of current which can cause damage to adjoining equipments. which depends on slip i.e. R2(1-S)/S will be equal to “0”, i.e. rotor will act as short circuit.
What is DC motor working principle?
The DC motor is the device which converts the direct current into the mechanical work. It works on the principle of Lorentz Law, which states that “the current-carrying conductor placed in a magnetic and electric field experience a force”.
What is electric motor class 10th?
The Electric Motor. An electric motor is used to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy. … Motors convert electric energy to mechanical work. The opposite is done by generators that convert mechanical work to electrical energy.
What is the function of brushes in electric motor?
A brush or carbon brush is an electrical contact which conducts current between stationary wires and moving parts, most commonly in a rotating shaft. Typical applications include electric motors, alternators and electric generators.
Which motor is used in generator?
The DC motor is best suited for a generator. It’ll produce current, even if the speed of the rotation is somewhat less. When you use a single phase motor, you’ll need to rotate it at a speed higher than the motors synchronous speed to generate energy.
What are the similarities and differences of electric motor and generator?
The motor and the generator are almost similar from the construction point of view, as both have stator and rotor. The main difference between the two is that the Motor is an electric device which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. The generator is vice versa of that motor.
How does AC and DC generator work?
An AC generator creates an alternating current that periodically reverses direction. But in a DC generator, a direct current flows in one direction. … The two ends of the coil are attached to the commutator, which balances the charges to and from the generator, thus resulting in a current that does not alter direction.