The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle. The portal of entry is the means by which the infectious microorganisms gains access into the new host. This can occur, for example, through ingestion, breathing, or skin puncture.
What are the 6 modes of transmission?
Modes of transmission
- Direct. Direct contact. Droplet spread.
- Indirect. Airborne. Vehicleborne. Vectorborne (mechanical or biologic)
What are the methods of transmission?
Pathogens may be transferred from the source to a host by direct or indirect contact transmission and by respiratory transmission. Respiratory transmission may result from inhalation of droplets; or from inhalation of droplet nuclei, i.e., airborne transmission.
What are 6 portals of entry on the human body?
The portal of entry
Inhalation (via the respiratory tract) Absorption (via mucous membranes such as the eyes) Ingestion (via the gastrointestinal tract) Inoculation (as the result of an inoculation injury)
What are the five routes of transmission?
The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne.
Is mode of transmission by kissing?
Kissing offers many health benefits, but may also transmit a small number of disease-causing bacteria and viruses. Bacteria and viruses in the saliva or blood of one person can be spread to another person by kissing. Some diseases are more easily spread than others.
What is the most common method of disease transmission?
Contact transmission is the most common form of transmitting diseases and virus. There are two types of contact transmission: direct and indirect. Direct contact transmission occurs when there is physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person.
What are the 3 major portals of entry for disease?
An anatomic site through which pathogens can pass into host tissue is called a portal of entry. These are locations where the host cells are in direct contact with the external environment. Major portals of entry are identified in Figure 3 and include the skin, mucous membranes, and parenteral routes. Figure 3.
What are the common methods of transmission of diseases Class 9?
Infectious diseases are transmitted from person to person by direct or indirect contact.
- Airborne transmission. …
- Contaminated objects. …
- Food and drinking water. …
- Animal-to-person contact. …
- Animal reservoirs. …
- Insect bites (vector-borne disease)
What are the 5 portals of entry?
Portals of entry into the human body include inhalation, absorption (via mucous membranes, eyes or naughty bits), ingestion (via the gastrointestinal tract), inoculation (as the result of puncture or trauma) or introduction (insertion of medical devices).
What are the 3 most common portals of exits?
- Mouth—saliva, vomitus.
- Anus/ostomies: feces/diarrhea.
- Nasogastric tubes and other drainage tubes.
What are standard precautions?
Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.
What are the main routes that infection can enter the body?
The Main Routes Infection can Enter the Body are:
- Body fluids – A body fluid e.g. blood, urine, pus, saliva from one person enters the body of another e.g. through cuts or other means such as sexual intercourse (e.g. syphilis, HIV etc.). …
- Through the air – e.g. tuberculosis.
Which body part is most affected when microbes enter through nose?
The microorganisms that occupy the host organism through the nose will directly affect the respiratory system. These will affect the lungs and the air tubules like bronchioles and the alveoli. These will be responsible for the irritation in the respiratory passage. Therefore, the correct answer is option is B.
How do vectors transmit diseases?
Vector-borne diseases are infections transmitted by the bite of infected arthropod species, such as mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sandflies, and blackflies. Arthropod vectors are cold-blooded (ectothermic) and thus especially sensitive to climatic factors.